Evidence-Based Practice

What are Evidence-Based Practices?

Evidence-based Practices are treatment and prevention interventions related to mental health and substance abuse, shown by evidence to be effective. Some of the most common Evidence-Based Practices used in addictions treatment include:

  • Motivational Interviewing
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Brief Treatment
  • Trauma-informed care/treatment
  • SBIRT - Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment

Other practices that are considered evidence-based are:

  • Culturally-responsive care (including responsiveness to gender, age, religion, ethnicity, heritage, culture, orientation and other factors)
  • Housing First
  • Co-occurring Disorder treatment
  • Person-centered planning, client-driven care, shared decision-making
  • Prevention
  • Process Improvement

In implementing an evidence-based practice, it is key to maintain fidelity to the model the developers of the intervention used. Often a manual provides specific direction for implementation and use of the intervention.

The National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP), funded by SAMHSA, provides access to descriptions of over 200 interventions as well as independent ratings of the evidence for them, and contact information for their developers. It is meant to be used as a first step in determining which interventions might be useful to meet a given need. However, NREPP is not the only source for interventions, and inclusion in the database does not mean that the intervention is necessarily effective with every population.

Go to the Training Resources page for additional choices.